Social and National Composition of the Soviet Volunteers-Participants of the Civil War in Spain (1936—1939)
Social and National Composition of the Soviet Volunteers-Participants of the Civil War in Spain (1936—1939)
Annotation
PII
S207987840002592-0-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840002592-0
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Oleg Karimov 
Affiliation: Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Valery Arcybashev
Affiliation: Russian State Military Archive
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract

In October of 1936, the first Soviet volunteers arrived in the Spanish Republic to assist the Republicans in the construction of the armed forces, the training of commanders, the preparation and conduct of operations on the fronts. In 1936—1939 more than two thousand people were sent, and more than half of them were pilots and tank crews. The vast majority of volunteers were Russian soldiers and civilians — 1,361 people (65 % of the total number who went through the People's Commissariat of defense of the USSR). On the second place were Ukrainians — 302 people. (14.4 %). The third and fourth national groups were respectively: Jews-163 people (7.8 %) and Belarusians — 97 people (4.6 %).

Keywords
People's Commissariat of defense of the USSR, Intelligence Directorate of the Red Army, Soviet military advisers, Soviet volunteers, social composition, nationality, place of birth
Received
22.02.2019
Publication date
15.03.2019
Number of characters
21943
Number of purchasers
10
Views
176
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
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