Semipalatinsk Priirtysh’e in Trade-Economic Ties with Western China in the Middle of 19th — Early 20th Centuries
Semipalatinsk Priirtysh’e in Trade-Economic Ties with Western China in the Middle of 19th — Early 20th Centuries
Annotation
PII
S207987840002568-3-1
DOI
10.18254/S0002568-3-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Yuliya Tsyryapkina 
Affiliation: Altai State Pedagogical University
Address: Russian Federation, Barnaul
Abstract
The article considers the processes of formation and development of trade-economic relations of Semipalatinsk PriIrtysh’e with Western China in the second half of the 19th — early 20th centuries. The article is written on the basis of the materials of the Semipalatinsk sub-branch of the West Siberian department of the Russian Geographical Society, published in the second half of the 19th — early 20th centuries, as well as published archival documents of the 19th century from the Center for Documentation of Modern History of the East Kazakhstan Region. The reasons for conclusion of an agreement in 1851 and the legal basis for organizing merchant trade between the Russian and Tsin empires according the terms of the Kuldzhinsky Treaty in 1851 are analyzed. The conclusion of the Kuldzhinsky Treaty 1851 led to the shift of the Russian-Chinese trade routes from Eastern Siberia to Western China (Chuguchak and Kuldzha). Significance of Semipalatinsk as an important trade and economic center and the impact of merchant trade on the city’s ethno-confessional and socio-cultural situation are considered. The article reveals the role of fair trade in Semipalatinsk for the development of internal regional exchange, and for foreign trade with Western China, the patrials of the Bukhara Emirate, etc. The author concludes that the population of Semipalatinsk was largely included in the internal and external trade that reduced the pace of industrial development.
Keywords
Semipalatinsk, PriIrtysh’e, Chuguchak, trade, merchant dynasties, tea, fairs
Received
23.10.2018
Publication date
15.02.2019
Number of characters
26172
Number of purchasers
30
Views
248
Readers community rating
4.0 (1 votes)
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