On Dunganskaya Street. Vernyi Town as a “Plural Society”
On Dunganskaya Street. Vernyi Town as a “Plural Society”
Annotation
PII
S207987840002553-7-1
DOI
10.18254/S0002553-7-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Alexander Morrison 
Affiliation: New College, Oxford University
Address: Great Britain, Oxford
Abstract
19th and early 20th-century Vernyi is usually seen as a Russian settler or Cossack town, laid out on a classic colonial grid pattern and the centre of a new settler colony in Semirech’e. This paper suggests a new way of looking at Vernyi and Semirech’e — as a “plural society”, a phrase taken from J. S. Furnivall’s studies of Colonial South-east Asia. Located close to the Chinese frontier, Semirech’e saw significant in-migration of different ethnic and religious groups from China — Manchus, Qalmyqs, Dungans and Taranchis — as well as Muslims from other parts of Russian Turkestan such as Ferghana and Tashkent. This was reflected in Vernyi’s diverse population and atmosphere, which some contemporary observers compared to that of a Chinese treaty port.
Keywords
Semirech’e, Vernyi, China, resettlement, Cossacks, Kazakhs, Taranchis, Dungans
Received
24.12.2018
Publication date
15.02.2019
Number of characters
28366
Number of purchasers
30
Views
236
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 rub. / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full version is available only to subscribers
Subscribe right now
Only article
100 rub. / 1.0 SU
Whole issue
1000 rub. / 10.0 SU
All issues for 2019
1500 rub. / 30.0 SU

References

1. Buketova N. A. Vernenskie istorii. Almaty, 2011.

2. Buketova N. A. Ukreplenie Vernoe [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://vlast.kz/gorod/14411-ukreplenie-vernoe.html (data obrascheniya: 05.09.2018).

3. Valikhanov Chokan. Dnevnik poezdki na Issyk-Kul' [1856]. Izbrannye proizvedeniya / red. A. Kh. Margulan. Alma-Ata, 1958. S. 236—286.

4. Gins G. Taranchi i dungane (ocherki iz poezdki po Semirech'yu) // Istoricheskij Vestnik. S. 672—708.

5. I vzdrognula zemlya… Iz istorii zemletryasenij v Semirech'e 1885—1912 gg. / sost. I. M. Samigulin ; red. B. T. Zhanaev. Almaty, 2011.

6. Kadnikov V. S. Iz istorii Kul'dzhinskogo voprosa // Istoricheskij Vestnik. 1911. № 6. S. 894—909.

7. Ledenev N. Istoriya Semirechenskogo kazach'ego vojska. Vernyj, 1909.

8. Moiseev V. A. Rossiya i Kitaj v Tsentral'noj Azii (vtoraya polovina XIX v. — 1917 g.). Barnaul, 2003.

9. Ob utverzhdenii v pravakh sobstvennosti // Semirechenskie Oblastnye Vedomosti. 08.04.1889. № 14.

10. Obzor Semirechenskoj oblasti za 1892 g. Prilozheniya k vsepoddannejshemu otchetu Voennogo Gubernatora. Vernyj, 1893.

11. Obzor Semirechenskoj oblasti za 1896 g. Prilozheniya k Vsepoddannejshemu otchetu Voennogo Gubernatora. Vernyj, 1897.

12. Ostroumov N. P. Kitajskie ehmigranty v Semirechenskoj oblasti Turkestanskogo kraya i rasprostranenie sredi nikh pravoslavnogo khristianstva. Kazan', 1879.

13. Palen K. K. Materialy k kharakteristike narodnogo khozyajstva v Turkestane. Ch. I. SPb., 1910.

14. Pis'mennye istochniki po istorii i kul'ture Almaty (VIII — nachalo XX vv.) / sost.: M. Kh. Abuseitova, A. K. Muminov. Almaty, 2008.

15. Putolov A. Kak mozhet razvit'sya obrabatyvayuschaya i dobyvayuschaya promyshlennost' v g. Vernom i ego uezde v sluchae soedineniya zheleznoj dorogoyu Sredneaziatskikh vladenij s velikim Sibirskim putem cherez Semirech'e i Altaj. Otpechat. v № 7 Ob. Ved. za 1898 g. Vernyj, 1898.

16. Spisok Glasnykh Vernenskoj Gorodskoj Dumy i kandidatov k nim na chetyrekhletie 1905-1909 gg. Semirechenskie Oblastnye Vedomosti 16.09.1905. № 74.

17. Spisok lits, imeyuschikh pravo byt' izbiratelyami v vyborakh po gorodu Vernomu, v silu Gorodskogo Polozheniya 12 iyunya 1892 g. Sostavlen k 1 fevralya 1905 g. // Semirechenskie Oblastnye Vedomosti 15.02.1905. № 13. 18.02.1905. № 14. 22.02.1905. № 15.

18. Khoroshkin A. Ocherki Semirech'ya //Turkestanskie vedomosti. № 6. 04.02.1875.

19. Brophy D. Uyghur Nation. Reform and Revolution on the Russia-China Frontier. Cambridge, 2016.

20. Crawford A. Imperial Russia and the Chinese Treaty Ports, 1890s — 1917. University of Bristol Ph.D. thesis, 2013.

21. Fletcher J. Sino-Russian Relations 1800—1862. Cambridge History of China. Vol. 10. Late Ch’ing 1800—1911. Cambridge, 1978. P. 318—350.

22. Furnivall J. S. Colonial Southeast Asia — Instruction or Education?. Pacific Affairs. Vol. 15. № 1. March 1942. P. 77—89.

23. Furnivall J. S. Colonial Policy and Practice. A Comparative Study of Burma and Netherlands India. Cambridge, 1948.

24. Gorshenina S. Asie Centrale. L’invention des frontieres et l’heritage russo-sovietique. Paris, 2012.

25. Hsu I. C. Y. The Ili Crisis. A Study of Sino-Russian Diplomacy 1871—1881. Oxford, 1965.

26. Jelavich C., Jelavich B. (ed.). Russia in the East 1876—1880. Leiden, 1959.

27. Kim H. Holy War in China. The Muslim Rebellion and State in Chinese Central Asia, 1864—1877. Stanford, 2004.

28. Lee H. G. Review: Furnivall's Plural Society and Leach's Political Systems of Highland Burma // Sojourn: Journal of Social Issues in Southeast Asia. Vol. 24. № 1 (April 2009). P. 32—46.

29. Morrison A. Peasant Settlers and the Civilising Mission in Russian Turkestan, 1865—1917 // Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History. Vol. 43. № 3. 2015. P. 387—417

30. Morrison A. Russian Rule in Samarkand 1868—1910. A Comparison with British India. Oxford, 2008.

31. Pahlen K. K. Mission to Turkestan. Being the Memoirs of Count K. K. Pahlen / ed. Richard Pierce & trans. N. J. Couriss. London, 1964.

32. Paine S. C. M. Imperial Rivals. China, Russia, and Their Disputed Frontier. Armonk, N. Y., 1996.

33. Rimsky-Korsakoff D., Svetlana, V. Tsibuzgin & A. Shmakov. Karakunuz: An Early Settlement of the Chinese Muslims in Russia. Asian Folklore Studies 51. № 2. 1992. P. 243—278.

34. Sahadeo J. Russian Colonial Society in Tashkent 1865—1923. Bloomington, 2007.

35. Sartori P. Colonial legislation meets Shari?a: Muslims. Land Rights in Russian Turkestan’ Central Asian Survey. Vol. 29. № 1. 2010. P. 43—60.

36. Schuyler E. Turkistan: Notes of a Journey in Russian Turkistan, Khokand, Bukhara, and Kuldja. London, 1876.

37. Semenov Tian-Shanskii P. P. Travels in the Tian-Shan 1856—1857 ed. Colin Thomas. London, 1998.

38. Voskressenski A. D. The Sino-Russian St Petersburg Treaty of 1881: Diplomatic History. N. Y., 1996.