Imperial Legacies, Intercultural Connections and the State Symbolism: the Star of the Republic of Indonesia
Table of contents
Share
Metrics
Imperial Legacies, Intercultural Connections and the State Symbolism: the Star of the Republic of Indonesia
Annotation
PII
S207987840002550-4-1
DOI
10.18254/S0002550-4-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Anton Zakharov 
Affiliation:
Institute of Oriental Studies RAS
Moscow State University of Psychology and Education
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract

In 1959, the first President of Indonesia Sukarno established the highest order of the state, i.e. the Star of the Republic of Indonesia (Bintang Republik Indonesia). The Star has five classes. The form of its badge is a seven rays star. The first and second classes have a breast star of the same form, along with the badge itself. The Star of the Republic of Indonesia turned the second Indonesian award of a seven rays star. In 1958, the Sacred Star (Bintang Sakti) in the single class was established for the awards for military acts of valor. It also has a seven rays star form. The Star of the Republic of Indonesia, however, has been the highest order of the Indonesian State. Any President of Indonesia obtains its first class after his/her inauguration. The form of the Indonesian highest award may have originated from the Ottoman decoration system. The two most frequent and well-known Ottoman orders — Medjidie (Mecidiye Nişanı) and Osmanieh (Osmanlı Devlet Nişanı) — both have the badge of seven pointed star. Due to long historical contacts of the Indonesian archipelago communities with the Near East and especially with the Ottoman Empire, the latter’s symbolism looked attractive for the just-emerged Indonesian state. The seven rays star helped to distinguish the Indonesian awards and decorations system from its contemporaries. The form also tends to express the legacies of a mighty Moslem Empire.

Keywords
Star of the Republic of Indonesia, awards and decorations system, orders, the Ottoman Empire, intercultural connections, state ideology
Received
26.01.2019
Publication date
16.09.2019
Number of characters
21073
Number of purchasers
4
Views
18
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article
100 RUB / 1.0 SU
Whole issue
800 RUB / 10.0 SU
All issues for 2019
1500 RUB / 30.0 SU

References

1. Vsevolodov I. V. Besedy o faleristike. Iz istorii nagradnykh sistem. M., 1990.

2. Drugov A. Yu. Indoneziya na grani stoletij (1997—2006 gg.). M., 2011.

3. Drugov A. Yu. Religiya, obschestvo i vlast' v sovremennoj Indonezii. M., 2014.

4. Drugov A. Yu., Reznikov A. B. Indoneziya v period «napravlyaemoj demokratii». M., 1969.

5. Drugov A. Yu., Tyurin V. A. Istoriya Indonezii: XX vek. M., 2004.

6. Durov V. A., Strekalov N. Orden Krasnoj zvezdy. M., 2005.

7. Karpov S. P. Nagradnye sistemy mira // Faleristika: Uchebnoe posobie. M., 2014.

8. Mozhejko I. V. Nagrady kak istochnik po istorii kolonizatsii Yugo-Vostochnoj Azii // Istochnikovedenie i istoriografiya stran Yugo-Vostochnoj Azii / otv. red. V. A. Tyurin, A. N. Uzyanov. M., 1971. S. 129—136.

9. Mozhejko I. V. Nagrady. M., 1998.

10. Pogadaev V. A. Malajskij mir (Brunej, Indoneziya, Malajziya, Singapur). Lingvostranovedcheskij slovar'. M., 2012.

11. Rozanov O. N. Aziya i Afrika v Pervoj mirovoj vojne: istoriya v nagradakh. M., 2016.

12. Spasskij I. G. Inostrannye i russkie ordena do 1917 g. SPb., 1993.

13. Tyurin V. A. Achekhskaya vojna (iz istorii natsional'no-osvoboditel'nogo dvizheniya v Indonezii). M., 1970.

14. Tyurin V. A. Istoriya Indonezii. M., 2004.

15. Sholmov Yu. A. Rossiya — Indoneziya. Gody sblizheniya i tesnogo sotrudnichestva (1945—1965). M., 2009.

16. Barnes R. H. Number and Number Use in Kedang, Indonesia. Man New Series. Vol. 17. No. 1 (Mar., 1982). P. 1—22.

17. Göksoy İ. H. Atatürk ve Türk İnkılabının Endonezya'daki Etkileri. Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi Dergisi. 18, 52. 2002. P. 1—36.

18. Göksoy I. H. Ottoman-Aceh Relations According to the Turkish Sources: Paper presented on the First International Conference of Aceh and Indian Ocean Studies. 24—27 February 2007. Singapore [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://wayback.archive-it.org/all/20080119135247/http://www.ari.nus.edu.sg/docs/Aceh-project/full-papers/aceh_fp_ismailhakkigoksoy.pdf (data obrascheniya: 21.10.2018).

19. Hatta M. A Message to the People of Turkey. 2, 35. 1950. Jakarta.

20. McClenaghan T. Indian Princely Medals: A Record of the Orders, Decorations, and Medals of the Indian Princely States. 1996.

21. Peacock A., Teh Gallop A. (eds.) From Anatolia to Aceh: Ottomans, Turks, and Southeast Asia. Oxford. September 2015.

22. Reid A. Sixteenth Century Turkish Influence in Western Indonesia // Journal of Southeast Asian History. Vol. 10. No. 3. International Trade and Politics in Southeast Asia 1500—1800. Dec., 1969. P. 395—414.

23. Reid A. The Ottomans in Southeast Asia. ARI Working Paper. No. 36. February 2005. URL: www.nus.ari.edu.sg/pub/wps.htm.

24. Tagliacozzo E. The Skeptic’s Eye: Snouck Hurgronje and the Politics of Pilgrimage from the Indies // Southeast Asia and the Middle East: Islam, Movement, and the Longue Durée. Stanford, 2009. P. 135—155.