Alash-Orda in the Context of National Movements in Asian Russia, 1917—1920
Alash-Orda in the Context of National Movements in Asian Russia, 1917—1920
Annotation
PII
S207987840002545-8-1
DOI
10.18254/S0002545-8-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Shilovsky Mikhail 
Affiliation:
Institute of History of Siberian Branch RAS
Novosibirsk State University
Address: Russian Federation, Novosibirsk
Abstract
The article analyzes activities of Alash-Orda — the national and political alliance (party) of the Kazakh intelligentsia in 1917—1919 in the context of national movements of aboriginal ethnoses in Asian Russia (Yakuts, Buryats, Khakasses, Tuvinians, Altaians). In the early 20th century there was a split among the national elits of the above peoples advocating alternative versions of national self-consciousness and identity oriented not only toward the Western civilization (represented by Russia), but also toward integration of peoples of Central Asia (Pan-Mongolism) or Islam. In 1917 supporters of Alash had high expectations for the regionalist movement in Siberia. At the same time they tried to implement a Western (Russo-Siberian) and Turkophilic (Pan-Islamic) versions of establishing the ethnic autonomous areas. When the Soviet rule in Siberia was overthrown in summer, 1918, the supporters of Alash Orda took practical steps to organize the autonomy. This caused a negative reaction of the Provisional Siberian Government that came to power in the region. Admiral Kolchak advocated preservation of the “single and undivided Russia”. After the defeat of his army in December, 1919 the Semipalatinsk Regional Council of Alash-Orda decided on “supporting the Soviet power by any possible means” as a guarantor of Kazakh autonomy. Article is written on the basis of the analysis of a modern istoriorafiya and the new published sources.
Keywords
Alash-Orda, national movement, ethnic autonomous area, Siberian regionalism, Provisional Siberian government, national and cultural autonomy
Received
05.09.2018
Publication date
15.02.2019
Number of characters
32359
Number of purchasers
29
Views
241
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
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