"Revolutionary" Processes in the Camp of the Russian Counterrevolution. Council of Ambassadors and the White Governments of Russia, 1917—1921
"Revolutionary" Processes in the Camp of the Russian Counterrevolution. Council of Ambassadors and the White Governments of Russia, 1917—1921
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Elena Mironova 
Affiliation: Institute of World History RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Based on the wide range of sources, the article studies the relationships between the Russian foreign diplomatic corps, which have stayed abroad since pre-revolutionary times, and the Anti-Bolshevik governments in Russia. Diplomats, who worked abroad, didn't recognize the coup d'état in Petrograd and promptly created an independent organization and also the conceptual basis of their activities in the situation of isolation from the authorities in Russia. During that period heads of the missions often used revolutionary methods in their everyday practice. For instance, many important issues were decided by voting. In 1918 they seriously contributed to the consolidation of Anti-Bolshevik centers in Russia. The analysis indicated that the Council of the Ambassadors had played an important role in the struggle against the sovietization of Russia, supported and assisted all the White governments, but hadn't submitted to anyone. In the Civil war the Council acted as an independent force. That allowed it to survive all the crises during the Civil war and recreate the organization on a new basis after 1920. Having acquired some characteristics of a governmental organization, the Council of Ambassadors for another two decades provided effective assistance to the Russian refugee.
Council of the Ambassadors, White governments, M. N. von Giers, Foreign diplomatic corps
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