Transformation of the ECOWAS Security Mechanisms in 1990s — 2000s
Table of contents
Transformation of the ECOWAS Security Mechanisms in 1990s — 2000s
Publication type
Alexander Shipilov 
Affiliation: Institute of World History RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
The given article describes the development in the West African collective security mechanisms in the ECOWAS institutional framework. An assessment is made of the impact by the civil wars in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Cote d’Ivoire on the emergence of these mechanisms. Changes are traced in the value and legal foundations of the West African collective security in 1990s — 2000s. The article is written on the basis of ECOWAS documents analysis relating to regional security and outlining the approaches, strategies and specific mechanisms implemented by the organization during the aforementioned period.
ECOWAS, regional collective security, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Cote d'Ivoire
Publication date
Number of characters
Number of purchasers
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 200 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article and additional services
Whole issue and additional services
All issues and additional services for 2018


Additional sources and materials


  1. Constitutive Act of the African Union. — Lomé, Togo: 11 July, 2000 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL:
  2. ECOWAS, U.S Renew Partnership for Security and Development in West Africa. Economic Community of West African States. — 13/12/2016 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL:
  3. ECOWAS Vision 2020: Towards a Democratic and Prosperous Community. Economic Community of West African States [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. 2010. URL:
  4. First Annual Ordinary Session of the ECOWAS Authority of Heads of State and Government. Final Communique. Economic Community of West African States. — Lomé, November 5th 1976 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL:
  5. Fourteenth Session of the Authority of Heads of State and Government. Economic Community of West African States. – Abuja, 4 – 6 July, 1991. [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL:
  6. International Gathering Charged to Improve ECOWAS Electoral Assistance in West Africa. Economic Community of  West African States (ECOWAS). 28/03/2017 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL:
  7. Letter Dated 27 January 2003 from the Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations addressed to the President of the Security Council. United Nations Security Council [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL:
  8. Protocol A/SP1/12/01 on Democracy and Good Governance Supplementary to the Protocol relating to the Mechanism For Conflict Prevention, Management, Resolution, Peacekeeping and Security. Economic Community of West African States. Executive Secretariat. — Dakar, December 2001 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL:
  9. Protocol on Non-Aggression. Economic Community of West African States. — Lagos, 20nd of April 1978 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL:
  10. Protocol Relating to Mutual Assistance of  Defence. Economic Community of West African States. — Freetown, 29 May 1981 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL:
  11. Regulation MSC/REG.1/01/08. The ECOWAS conflict prevention framework. Economic Community of West African States. — Ouagadougou, 16th January 2008 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL:
  12. Report of the Security Council mission to West Africa, 26 June — 5 July 2003. United Nations Security Council [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL:
  13. Revised Treaty. ECONOMIC COMMUNITY OF WEST AFRICAN STATES. Cotonou, 24 July, 1993 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL:
  14. Sixtieth Session, Items 48 and 121 of the Provisional Agenda. A/60/L.1. United Nations General Assembly. Articles 138—140. P. 31 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL:
  15. The Common African Position on the Proposed Reform of the United Nations: “The Ezulwini Consensus”. Executive Council 7th Extraordinary Session. — Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 7—8 March 2005. [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL:
  16. United Nations Mission in Côte d'Ivoire. Background (until March 2003). United Nations [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL:


  1. Adebajo A. Building Peace in West Africa: Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea-Bissau. London, 2002.
  2. Adeleke A. The Politics and Diplomacy of Peacekeeping in West Africa: The ECOWAS Operation in Liberia // The Journal of Modern African Studies. 1995. Vol. 33. No. 4 (Dec.). P. 569—593.
  3. Aning E. K. Investing in peace and security in Africa: the case of ECOWAS // Conflict, Security & Development. 2004. No. 3. P. 533—542.
  4. Annan K. Two Concepts of Sovereignty. Economist. Sept. 18, 1999 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL:
  5. Bierschenk Th. Democratization without development: Benin 1989—2009 // International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society IJPS. 2009. No. 3. P. 339—340.
  6. Gueye Ch. Le panafricanisme d'intégration comme réponse aux problèmes sécuritaires africains, 2009 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL:
  7. Ibrahim M. O., Maj, Nigerian Army. Challenges of Regional Collective Security: Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Standby Force: A Case Study. – Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, 2008 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL:
  8. Kabia J. M. Regional Approaches to Peacebuilding: The ECOWAS Peace and Security Architecture. Warrington, Cheshire: The Tim Parry Johnathan Ball Foundation for Peace, 2011. 
  9. Kuchta D. The Resource Curse: A Case Study on Liberia Charles Taylor, Timber and Diamonds. 15th International Humanitarian Conference. Geneva, Switzerland: CiCG, 2011. P. 112—125.
  10. Lemasle N. Combatants' Disarmament: Do Command and Control Matter? A Comparison of Sierra Leone and Liberia. Chicago: Northwestern University, 2010.
  11. Obi C. Economic Community of West African States on the Ground: Comparing Peacekeeping in Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea Bissau, and Côte d'Ivoire // African Security. 2009. 2:2-3. P. 119—135.
  12. Sada H. Le conflit ivoirien: enjeux régionaux et maintien de la paix en Afrique // Politique étrangère. 2003. N. 2. 68e année. P. 321—334.


No posts found

Write a review