Robert Cecil and the Elaboration of the British Position on the Creation of the League of Nations in 1918
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Robert Cecil and the Elaboration of the British Position on the Creation of the League of Nations in 1918
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Sergey Demidov 
Affiliation: Ryazan State University S. A. Esenin
Address: Russian Federation, Ryazan
Olga Akchurina
Affiliation: Ryazan State University S. A. Esenin
Address: Russian Federation, Ryazan
The article analyzes the activity of Robert Cecil on the development of the official position of Great Britain concerning the League of Nations in 1918. The Third largest member of the Conservative party was one of the main architects of the League of Nations, his zeal brought him the Nobel peace prize in 1937. In the basis of the views of Cecil on postwar order lay extreme rejection of war as means of international politics and faith in the possibility of concluding a general international treaty to ensure lasting peace and prosperity. The League of Nations met Cecil part of a Grand Atlantic partnership, led by Britain. The authors detail the history of the Phillimore Committee report. This report was of fundamental importance in the formation of government policy in the UK and the USA and strongly influenced the final form of the Covenant of the League of Nations. Also the article analyzes different positions of the British leaders and debate in government circles, as well as the influence of public opinion and mass organizations in support of the League of Nations.
Britain, the League of Nations, Lord Cecil, Phillimore committee report
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Additional sources and materials

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