Craft Purchase in Paris in the 13th Century
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Craft Purchase in Paris in the 13th Century
Annotation
PII
S207987840001968-3-1
DOI
10.18254/S0001968-3-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Ekaterina Kirillova 
Affiliation: Institute of World History
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract
The article considers the regulation of the craft purchase in Paris in the 13th century according the «Book of crafts» of Paris. Masters of twenty different crafts needed «to buy a craft from the king» (acheter le mestier du Roy) in order to work legally. The fee could be set in the corporations’ statutes, but more often it was determined by the one who sold the craft on behalf of the king. This person or his representative ruled the corporation, tried artisans, received fines and other payments. The transfer of crafts’ management did not lead to the loss of control over them by the royal government: in a number of cases prévôt of Paris had to appoint officials (prud’hommes) and to take their oaths; he also took the reports about vio-lations and some fines, one turned to him for help and punishment in case of the masters’ disobedience. The seignorial right gave the king the opportunity to dispose of the Parisian crafts, but the «Books of Crafts» indicate how widely Louis IX used this opportunity, because of the special needs of the royal authority — the preparation of the Seventh Crusade. It was the search for funds for the Crusade that led to the appeal to the evident for the feudal system source of financial revenues, including, probably, the change in earlier decisions — the transfer of crafts from one person to another. Those who received the crafts for farming and management had the means and the ability to finance royal needs, ensuring in the future a permanent income in the form of a part of fines, entry fees of new masters, legal fees, with the unconditional preservation of royal rights and the primacy of the royal will.
Keywords
«Book of crafts» of Paris, craft purchase, seigniorial rights, Louis IX, the Seventh crusade
Received
31.07.2017
Publication date
14.09.2017
Number of characters
26133
Number of purchasers
21
Views
3580
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
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