Databases and Reconstruction of Social Profile of Terror Victims: Historiography
Table of contents
Share
Metrics
Databases and Reconstruction of Social Profile of Terror Victims: Historiography
Annotation
PII
S207987840001599-7-1
DOI
10.18254/S0001599-7-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Catherine Mishina 
Affiliation: Lomonosov Moscow State University
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract
Nowadays reconstruction of social profile of different groups of people is a very popular theme in historical studies. This article dwells on historiography of social portrait of terror victims. This theme remains relevant instead of vast literature, particularly a question who and for what reason became a terror victim in 1920s and 1930s. Reconstruction of social profile of these people helps to ask a question above quiet in full and to conduct a comparative analysis of the dynamic of repressions in different regions of the former USSR. The process of working with mass historical sources such as investigation cases needs an adequate means of representation and analysis of them, and the best is a database. Its modeling raises some research questions from selection of appropriate model to representation of results of the analysis. In our work we consider current experience of modeling databases of terror victims in different regions of the former USSR. The first part of the article is dedicated to this theme. In the second part the author draws attention to the examples of reconstruction of social profiles of some kind of terror victims — “former people”, persons without vote rights, victims of political repressions. The main sources for these works are archival investigation cases and memory books created on their base, which consist of short biographic cards on terror victims. In current research we consider works with analysis of existing or self-made databases emanate from the tasks of each research.
Keywords
social profile, terror victims, historiography, databases, investigation cases, “memory books”, 1930s
Received
14.08.2016
Publication date
01.12.2016
Number of characters
35236
Number of purchasers
42
Views
5441
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article
100 RUB / 1.0 SU
Whole issue
1000 RUB / 10.0 SU
All issues for 2016
5000 RUB / 50.0 SU

References



Additional sources and materials

  1. Bajda E. V. Sotsial'nyj portret lishennogo izbiratel'nykh prav za zanyatie torgovlej // Istoriya repressij na Urale: ideologiya, politika, praktika 1917—1980-e gg. Sbornik statej uchastnikov nauchnoj konferentsii 10—12 noyabrya 1997 g. Nizhnij Tagil, 1997. S. 86—95.
  2. Vert N. Stalinizm i massovye repressii // Istoriya stalinizma: itogi i problemy izucheniya. M., 2011. S. 93—101.
  3. Zvenyatskaya N. V. Sotsial'nyj portret «vraga naroda» v 1920—1930-e gg. (po materialam Nizhnetagil'skogo okruga) // Tagil'skij kraj v panorame vekov. Materialy nauchno-prakticheskoj konferentsii g. Nizhnij Tagil, 12—13 maya 1999 g. Ekaterinburg, 1999. S. 98—104.
  4. Kirillov V. M., Slavko T. I. Uzniki Tagillaga: printsipy komplektovaniya banka dannykh // Krug idej: razvitie istoricheskoj informatiki. Trudy II konferentsii Assotsiatsii «Istoriya i komp'yuter». M., 1995.
  5. Kirillov V. M. Repressirovannye v Nizhnetagil'skom regione Urala (problema formirovaniya banka dannykh) // Istoriya repressij na Urale: ideologiya, politika, praktika 1917—1980-e gg. Sbornik statej uchastnikov nauchnoj konferentsii 10—12 noyabrya 1997 g. Nizhnij Tagil, 1996. S. 21—28.
  6. Kirillov V. M. Problemy sozdaniya edinogo ehlektronnogo banka dannykh zhertv politicheskikh repressij // Problemy sozdaniya EEhBD zhertv polit. repressij v predelakh SSSR. Sb. dokladov mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakt. konf. N. Tagil, 18—21 maya 2000 g. / pod red. V. M. Kirillova. N. Tagil: NTGPI, 2001. S. 13—18. [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. Sajt Nizhnetagil'skogo gosudarstvennogo sotsial'no-pedagogicheskogo instituta – URL: http://ntspi.ru/about_academy/science/scientific_problem_laboratories/lab_3/%D0%A3%D1%87%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%8B%D0%B9%20%D0%B8%20%D0%B5%D0%B3%D0%BE%20%D1%88%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%B0/book/021.html (data obrascheniya: 01.05.2016).
  7. Kodin E. V. Ehlektronnaya baza dannykh zhertv politicheskikh repressij Smolenskoj oblasti kak istoricheskij istochnik // Istoriya stalinizma: repressirovannaya rossijskaya provintsiya. M., 2011.
  8. Konkvest R. Bol'shoj terror. Kn. 1. Riga, 1991.
  9. Lyagushkina L. A. Sotsial'nyj portret repressirovannykh v khode Bol'shogo terrora (1937—1938 gg.): analiz bazy dannykh po Knigam pamyati Nizhegorodskoj oblasti // Istoricheskaya informatika. 2012. № 1. S. 30—43.
  10. Lyagushkina L. A. Sotsial'nyj portret repressirovannykh v khode Bol'shogo terrora v Bashkirskoj ASSR: analiz bazy dannykh po regional'nym «knigam pamyati» // Istoriya stalinizma: zhizn' v terrore. Sotsial'nye aspekty repressij. M., 2013. S. 305—315.
  11. Lyagushkina L. A. Sotsial'nye kharakteristiki repressirovannykh v gody Bol'shogo terrora (1937—1938 gg.) v Karel'skoj ASSR // Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Seriya «Istoriya». 2014. Vyp. 3 (26). S. 36—44.
  12. Morozova N. M. Sotsial'nyj portret «lishentsev» Mordovskogo kraya: istochniki i metody issledovaniya // Krug idej: ehlektronnye resursy istoricheskoj informatiki. Trudy VIII konferentsii Assotsiatsii «Istoriya i komp'yuter». Barnaul, 2003. S. 158—173.
  13. Razinkov S. L. Sotsial'nyj portret nemtsev-trudarmejtsev, mobilizovannykh v lagerya NKVD na Urale v 1941—1946 gg. // Sajt Nizhnetagil'skogo gosudarstvennogo sotsial'no-pedagogicheskogo instituta [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://www.ntspi.ru/about_academy/science/scientific_problem_laboratories/lab_3/%D0%A3%D1%87%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%8B%D0%B9%20%D0%B8%20%D0%B5%D0%B3%D0%BE%20%D1%88%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%B0/book/045.html (data obrascheniya: 01.05.2016).
  14. Razinkov S. L. Sotsial'nyj portret sovetskikh nemtsev-trudarmejtsev, mobilizovannykh v lagerya NKVD na territorii Sverdlovskoj oblasti v 1941—1946 gg.: opyt sozdaniya i primeneniya ehlektronnoj bazy dannykh: avtoref. dis. kand. istor. nauk. Ekaterinburg, 2001.
  15. Rakov A. A. O sotsial'nom portrete raskulachennykh krest'yan Yuzhnogo Urala (1930—1934 gg.): ehkonomicheskie i demograficheskie aspekty analiza bazy dannykh // Istoriko-ehkonomicheskie issledovaniya. 2007. T. 8. №. 1. - S. 93—126;
  16. Rakov A. A. Spetsposelentsy Yuzhnogo Urala: proiskhozhdenie, sotsial'nyj sostav, usloviya soderzhaniya (po materialam analiza bazy dannykh «SYuU») // Istoriko-ehkonomicheskie issledovaniya. 2010. T. 11. № 3. S. 16—28.
  17. Rakov A. A. Sotsial'no-ehkonomicheskie aspekty «raskulachivaniya» krest'yan Yuzhnogo Urala (1930—1934 gg.). M., 2012.
  18. Rakov A. A. «Derevnyu opustoshayut»: stalinskaya kollektivizatsiya i «raskulachivanie» na Urale v 1930-kh godakh. M.: ROSSPEhN, 2013.
  19. Slavko T. I. Ispravitel'no-trudovye lagerya na Urale v 20-e gody (problemy formirovaniya bazy dannykh) // Krug idej: razvitie istoricheskoj informatiki. Trudy II konferentsii Assotsiatsii «Istoriya i komp'yuter». M., 1995. S. 60—70.
  20. Slavko T. I. Repressivnaya politika sovetskogo gosudarstva v 20-e-30e gg. (problema formirovaniya banka dannykh) // Istoriya repressij na Urale: ideologiya, politika, praktika 1917—1980-e gg. Sbornik statej uchastnikov nauchnoj konferentsii 10-12 noyabrya 1997 g. Nizhnij Tagil, 1997. S. 16—21.
  21. Smirnova T. M. Sotsial'nyj portret «byvshikh» v Sovetskoj Rossii. M., 2000. S. 87—126.
  22. Tikhonov V. I., Tyazhel'nikova V. S., Yushin I. F. Lishenie izbiratel'nykh prav v Moskve v 1920—1930-e gody. M., 1998.
  23. Ujmanov V. N. Opyt sozdaniya ehlektronnoj bazy dannykh repressirovannykh na territorii Tomskoj oblasti // Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2012. № 362. C. 103—105.
  24. Ushvitskaya Eh. E. Zhertvy politicheskikh repressij v Rossii. 1918—1922 gody (po materialam massovykh obsledovanij politicheskogo Krasnogo Kresta, khranyaschikhsya v GARF) // Krug idej: traditsii i tendentsii istoricheskoj informatiki. Trudy IV konferentsii Assotsiatsii «Istoriya i komp'yuter». M., 1997. S. 284—296.
  25. Ilič M. The Great Terror in Leningrad: a Quantitative Analysis // Europe—Asia Studies. Vol. 52. No. 8. 2000. Pp. 1515—1534.