Constantius vs. Julian: A Dispute over the Beard
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Constantius vs. Julian: A Dispute over the Beard
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Mirolyubov Ivan 
Affiliation: Lomonosov Moscow State University
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
The article is dedicated to the complex relations between Roman Emperor Constantius (337—361) and his cousin Julian, after his short ruling (361—363) well-known under nickname “Apostate”. The cousins and members of one dynasty, they were opponents in both religious and private life: ardent Arian Constantius is considered to be the probable initiator of the massacre in the summer of 337, when the majority of the late Constantine’s the Great relatives were killed by soldiers. Among them was Julius Constantius, father of Julian, future pagan emperor. In 355 Julian became a junior co-regent (with the title ceasar) and probable heir to Constantius. Officially joining the ruling house, Julian had to accept the iconographic standards of Constantine’s dynasty. The long beard, an attribute of a pagan philosopher and a sign of opposition to the ruling dynasty, was the specific feature of his personal image. Disputes about the presence of beard in the imperial iconography between Constantius and Julian are a clear illustration of the personal relations between two rulers, which extended far beyond the intrafamily conflict.
later Roman empire, Constantius, Julian the Apostate, Constantine the Great, imperial iconography
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