Banquets in the Frame of Time: Traditions of French Craft Guilds
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Banquets in the Frame of Time: Traditions of French Craft Guilds
Annotation
PII
S207987840001553-7-1
DOI
10.18254/S0001553-7-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Abstract
The principal for medieval professional communities (corporations) definitions — “guild”, “Zünft” (germ.) — are based on the terms indicated the common meal (gildi, gilli, Zeche). In Early Modern France, the feasts and banquets were strictly prohibited to the handicrafts and guilds by the royal ordinances and by the crafts’ statutes, that testified to the significance and solidity of such a tradition in the everyday life of craftsmen and merchants. The paper deals with the statutes of Paris’ “Book of the Trades” (13th cent.), when the companions’ drinking was not only allowed, but served an important legitimizing action (the legality of the purchase of the right to work (maîtrise) and the mill’s lease). Particular attention is paid to the common meal of journeymen — dangerous for masters because of the possibility of journeymen’ collusion, but not prohibited by statutes.
Keywords
medieval crafts and guilds, self-organizing communities, common meal, “Book of the Trades” of Paris
Received
18.09.2016
Publication date
15.11.2016
Number of characters
15198
Number of purchasers
48
Views
6720
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0.0 (0 votes)
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