“I Do not Like Peacocks, neither Alive, nor Dead” — Reinier Pauw and His Role in the Coup of 1618
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“I Do not Like Peacocks, neither Alive, nor Dead” — Reinier Pauw and His Role in the Coup of 1618
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The article deals with the conflicts escalating in the Republic of the United Provinces after Leicester’s departure. With the governmental power secured in their hands, the States General asserted their authority over religious matters. They perceived the church as a state institution of the free citizens and began to appoint ministers who shared this point of view. Inevitably, such actions gave rise to a conflict between the States and the consistories of Holland and Zealand. Those provinces were the first to drive out the Spanish, and thereby became a refuge for tens of thousands of Calvinists that had fled from the South, still occupied by the Spanish. The Calvinists had abandoned their homes in the name of their new faith, so they protested ardently against the States’ intrusion in the Church affairs. This religious conflict coincided with the political one, caused by the Oldenbarnevelt’s intention to make peace with Spain. Among those who opposed the peace were Maurice van Nassau, the Calvinists, and the merchants of Holland and Zealand; the latter feared closure of the East India Company, delays in the plans of the West India Company, and the end of the blockade of the Scheldt. However, despite their opposition, the Twelve Years’ Truce was signed in 1609. The conflict between Arminius and Gomarus over the doctrine of Absolute Predestination, the Decretum pro pace ecclesiarum which passed by the States of Holland and the States General’s decision to support the Catholics of France led to the subsequent politico-religious division. In the article, all these events are examined from the point of view of Reinier Pauw, who lead the Calvinists of the Amsterdam magistrate in the course of the coup of 1618 and who would later become a sort of bête noire of the Dutch historiography.
the Republic of the United of the United provinces, the Twelve Years' Truce, Amsterdam, Calvinists, the Synod of Dort, the coup of 1618, Johan Oldenbarnevelt, Maurice van Nassau, Arminius, Gomarus, Plancius, Grotius, Reinier Pauw
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