Before Race: The Russian Empire and Creoles in Russian America in the Early 19th Century
Table of contents
Share
Metrics
Before Race: The Russian Empire and Creoles in Russian America in the Early 19th Century
Annotation
PII
S207987840001498-6-1
DOI
10.18254/S0001498-6-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Abstract
The article is about one of the most fascinating pages in the history of Russian America — relations between creoles and representatives of the RAC. Rezanov’s plan to have colonial citizenship consisting of retired promyshlenniki and creoles did not fully materialize. When the United States purchased Alaska, Russians could return to Russia, but creoles could not. The Russian Orthodox Church helped them. Today the Russian Orthodox Church is still a major presence in Native villages.
Keywords
Russian America, colonization, Russian Orthodox Church, Alaska, creoles, the natives of Alaska
Received
12.06.2016
Publication date
14.09.2016
Number of characters
48163
Number of purchasers
15
Views
6602
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article
100 RUB / 1.0 SU
Whole issue
1000 RUB / 10.0 SU
All issues for 2016
5000 RUB / 50.0 SU

References



Additional sources and materials

  1. Arkhiv vneshnej politiki Rossijskoj imperii. F. RAK. Op. 888. D. 251.
  2. Vneshnyaya politika Rossii XIX i nachala XX veka. Dokumenty Rossijskogo Ministerstva inostrannykh del. Seriya 1. 1801—1815 gg. T. I. Mart 1801 g. — aprel' 1804 g. M., 1960.
  3. Grinev A. V. Kto est' kto v istorii Russkoj Ameriki. M., 2009.
  4. Grinev A. V. Spetsifika vertikal'noj sotsial'noj mobil'nosti kreol'skogo naseleniya Russkoj Ameriki // Ehtnograficheskoj obozrenie. 2011. № 2. S. 74—89.
  5. Grinev A. V. Kharakter vzaimootnoshenij russkikh kolonizatorov i aborigenov Alyaski // Voprosy istorii. 2003. № 8. S. 96—111.
  6. Grischenko A. I. Sochetaemost' atributov russkij i rossijskij po dannym Srednerusskogo korpusa (XV—XVII vv.) // Drevnyaya Rus': Voprosy medievistiki. 2013. № 3 (53). S. 41—42.
  7. Istoriya Russkoj Ameriki (1732—1867): V 3-kh tt. T. 2. Deyatel'nost' Rossijsko-amerikanskoj kompanii, 1799—1825. M., 1999.
  8. Kupriyanov A. Kul'tura gorodskogo samoupravleniya russkoj provintsii, 1780—1860-e gg. M., 2009.
  9. Rossijsko-Amerikanskaya kompaniya i izuchenie Tikhookeanskogo severa, 1799—1815: sbornik dokumentov / pod red. A. L. Narochnitskogo, N. N. Bolkhovitinova. M., 1994.
  10. Rossijsko-amerikanskaya kompaniya i izuchenie Tikhookeanskogo Severa, 1815—1841: sbornik dokumentov / otv. red. N. N. Bolkhovitinov. M., 2005.
  11. Tishkov V. A. Rossijskaya natsiya i ee kritiki // Natsionalizm v mirovoj istorii / pod. red. V. A. Tishkova, V. A. Shnirel'mana. M., 2007.
  12. Black L. Russians in Alaska, 1732—1867. Fairbanks, 2004.
  13. Barratt G. Russia in Pacific Waters, 1715—1825: A Survey of the Origins of Russia's Naval Presence in the North and South Pacific. Vancouver, 1981.
  14. Cadiot J. Le Laboratoire imperial: Russie—URSS, 1870—1940. Paris, 2007.
  15. Chamisso A. von. A Voyage around the World with the Romanzov Exploring Expedition in the Years 1815—1818 in the brig Rurik, Captain Otto von Kotzebue / ed. and trans. by H. Kratz. Honolulu (HI), 1986.
  16. Charbit Y. The Political Failure of an Economic Theory: Physiocracy // Population (English Edition). 2002. Vol. 57.
  17. Dmytryshyn B. N. P. Rezanov’s Inspection Tour of Russian Colonies in the North Pacific and his Visit to San Francisco, 25 March 1806 — 10 May 1806 // Russkaya Amerika, 1799—1867: materialy mezhdunarodnoj konferentsii «K 200-letiyu obrazovaniya Rossijsko-amerikanskoj kompanii 1799—1999». M., 1999. S. 45—69.
  18. Documents on the History of the Russian-American Company / ed. by R. A. Pierce; trans. by M. Ramsay. Kingston, 1976.
  19. Documents Relative to the History of Alaska. Vol. 3 // Alaska History Research Project. 1936—1938.
  20. Easley R. Demographic Borderlands: People of Mixed Heritage in the Russian American Company and the Hudson's Bay Company, 1670—1870 // Pacific Northwest Quarterly. 2008. Vol. 99. No. 2. Spring. P. 73—91.
  21. Fedorova S. G. The Russian Population in Alaska and California: late 18th century — 1867 / ed. and trans. by R. A. Pierce, A. S. Donnelly. Kingston, 1973.
  22. Grinev A. “Advanced in Age, Decrepit and Unfit”: Colonial Citizens and the Formation of a Permanent Russian Population in Alaska // Alaska History. 2009. Vol. 24. No. 2. Fall. P. 30—60.
  23. Hirochika I. Funaosa Nikki: A Captain's Diary: Jukichi’s Four-year Odyssey across the Pacific, through California, Alaska, Kamchatka, and back to Japan 1813—1817 / trans. by R. F. Szippl. Nagoya, 2005.
  24. Jones R. T. Empire of Extinction: Russians and the North Pacific’s Strange Beasts of the Sea, 1741—1867. Oxford, 2014.
  25. Knight N. Vocabularies of Difference: Ethnicity and Race in Late Imperial and Early Soviet Russia // Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History. 2012. Vol. 13. No. 3. Summer. P. 667—683.
  26. Langsdorff G. von. Voyages and Travels in Various Parts of the World during the years 1803, 1804, 1805, 1806, and 1807. Carlisle, 1817.
  27. Le Donne J. Absolutism and the Ruling Class: The Formation of the Russian Political Order, 1700—1825. Oxford, 1991.
  28. Library of Congress. Yudin Collection. Box 1. Folder 11.
  29. Lohr E. Russian Citizenship: From Empire to Soviet Union. Cambridge, 2012.
  30. Luehrmann S. Alutiiq Villages under Russian and U. S. Rule. Fairbanks, 2008.
  31. Mason A. Of Enlightenment and Alaska Early Moderns // Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power. 2010. Vol. 17. No. 4. P. 411—429.
  32. Matthews O. Glorious Misadventures: Nikolai Rezanov and the Dream of a Russian America. New York, 2013.
  33. Miller A. The Empire and the Nation in the Imagination of Russian Nationalism // Imperial Rule / ed. by A. Miller, A. Rieber. Budapest, 2004. P. 9—26.
  34. Miller G. Kodiak Kreol: Communities of Empire in Early Russian America. Ithaca, 2010.
  35. Ogden A. The California Sea Otter Trade, 1784—1848. Berkeley, 1941.
  36. Owen M. Glorious Misadventures: Nikolai Rezanov and the Dream of a Russian America. New York, 2013.
  37. Pierce R. A. Russian America: A Biographical Dictionary. Kingston, 1990.
  38. Pullar G. L. The Legacy of the Russian-American Company and the Implementation of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act in the Kodiak Island Area of Alaska // Ethnohistory. 2013. Vol. 60. No. 3. Summer. P. 403—417.
  39. Smith A. K. “The Freedom to Choose a Way of Life”: Fugitives, Borders, and Imperial Amnesties in Russia // The Journal of Modern History. 2011. Vol. 83. № 2. June. P. 243—271.
  40. Smith-Peter S. Creating a Creole Estate in Early Nineteenth-Century Russia // Cahiers du Monde Russe. 2010 Vol. 51. No. 2—3. April—September. P. 441—459.
  41. Smith-Peter S. “A Class of People Admitted to the Better Ranks”: The First Generation of Creoles in Russian America, 1810s—1820s // Ethnohistory. 2013. Vol. 60. № 3. Summer. P. 363—384.
  42. The United States and Russia: The Beginning of Relations, 1765—1815 / ed. by N. N. Bashkina, et al. Wash. (DC), 1980.
  43. Tikhmenev P. A. A History of the Russian-American Company / trans. by R. A. Pierce, A. S. Donnelly. Seattle, 1978.
  44. Tikhmenev P. A. A History of the Russian American Company. Vol. 2: Documents / ed. by R. A. Pierce, A. S. Donnelly; trans. by D. Krenov. Kingston, 1979.
  45. Van Kirk S. Many Tender Ties: Women in Fur-Trade Society, 1670—1870. Norman, 1983.
  46. Vancouver G. A Voyage of Discovery to the North Pacific Ocean… L., 1798. Vol. 3.
  47. Vinkovetsky I. Circumnavigation, Empire, Modernity, Race: The Impact of Round-the-World Voyages on Russia’s Imperial Consciousness // Ab Imperio. 2001. №. 1—2. P. 191—210.
  48. Vinkovetsky I. Russian America: An Overseas Colony of a Continental Empire, 1804—1867. Oxford, 2011.
  49. Wheeler R. The Complexion of Race: Categories of Difference in Eighteenth-Century British Culture. Philadelphia, 2000.
  50. Wirtschafter E. K. Social Identity in Imperial Russia. De Kalb, 1997.
  51. Wolff L. Inventing Eastern Europe: The Map of Civilization on the Mind of the Enlightenment. Stanford, 1994.
  52. Pullar G. L. The Legacy of the Russian-American Company and the Implementation of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act in the Kodiak Island Area of Alaska // Ethnohistory. 2013. Vol. 60. № 3. Summer. P. 403—417.