Social Structure of the Great Terror Victims (1937—1938) in the Karelian ASSR
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Social Structure of the Great Terror Victims (1937—1938) in the Karelian ASSR
Annotation
PII
S207987840001226-7-1
DOI
10.18254/S0001226-7-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Abstract
The Great Terror had a significant scale in the Karelian ASSR, where the victims composed about 2 % of the population, and 85 % of the arrested were condemned to death. The article analyses the social structure of the victims using the database, created on the material of regional “Memorial book” called “Necrology of Karelia” (“Pominalnie spiski Karelii”). According to the “Memorial book” analysis, the victims were predominantly (about 70 %) peasants, factory workers and employees. The clergy, individual peasants and collective farmers were sentenced to death more frequently than other groups. For example, the clergy were condemned to death in 100 % of cases. Prisoners and labor settlers constitute one fifth of the victims in the Karelian ASSR. They were brought to trial for the second time during the Great Terror period and they were sentenced to death in 97 % of cases. The article concludes, that purges of labour camps influensed the scale and cruelty of the terror in the Karelian ASSR.
Keywords
Great Terror, Stalinism, repression, “Memorial books”, Karelian ASSR
Received
03.08.2015
Publication date
31.08.2015
Number of characters
31338
Number of purchasers
27
Views
8546
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0.0 (0 votes)
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