Image of the Orient in the Diaries and Letters of the Participants of the Egyptian Campaign (1798—1801)
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Image of the Orient in the Diaries and Letters of the Participants of the Egyptian Campaign (1798—1801)
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Title (other)
L’image de l’Orient dans les journaux intimes et les lettres des membres de l’expédition d’Égypte (1798—1801)
PII
S207987840000833-5-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Evgenia Prusskaya 
Affiliation: Institute of World History. State Academiс University for the Humanities
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract
The image of the Orient represented in the personal sources (diaries and letters) differed much from the image created by the leaders of the Army of Orient in the officcial press and proclamations. In comparison with the locals and their way of life the French realized their own cultural superiority. On the example of the inhabitants of Egypt the invaders formed the judgment of the “people of the Orient (les Orientaux)” in general and made generalizations about their habits and customs which were common in their opinion for all the Orient. Oriental people (les Orientaux) became for the French those “Others” in comparison with whom the conquerors felt their superiority and emphasized such identifying features of their character, as generosity, humanity and enlightenment. Accordingly, in the writings of the expedition members the motif of the necessity to civilize the Egyptians was expressed as well as idea of the outspread of the French Revolution values. But in Egypt the French didn’t always follow these ideas in practice, preferring to act violently in the “violent” Orient . Thus, the image of the Orient determinated the French policy towards it.
Keywords
Egypt, France, Bonaparte’s expedition to the Orient, image of the Other
Received
03.09.2014
Publication date
22.12.2014
Number of characters
43006
Number of purchasers
21
Views
8628
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0.0 (0 votes)
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