Principal «Rules for Government of the Kingdoms, Lordships and States» of Charles V Habsburg in His «Political Will» of 1548
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Principal «Rules for Government of the Kingdoms, Lordships and States» of Charles V Habsburg in His «Political Will» of 1548
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The article is devoted to the investigation of emperor’s instructions for the government of the kingdoms, states and lordships, which prince Philip of Spain was to inherit from Charles V after his father’s death. On the basis of these instructions’ analyses the author demonstrates the emperor’s principal rules of government. The emperor Charles V Habsburg is of the opinion that the prince is a head of the branching clan governing spacious and very various territories inhabited by multilingual but professing true Christianity people. The duty of ruler is to protect and to defend his lands from foreign pretensions and encroachments in every possible way and to increase them, surrounding himself with as large as possible number of friends and allies and concluding treaties with them also strictly observing his liability and avoiding wars as far as possible. For the strength of political alliances the treaties which were made is necessary to support with dynastic wedlock using available resources not only of the own family but also of the whole clan. For the maintenance of the peace on the territories within his power the sovereign is to suppress dissensions and heresies, to support justice, not to burden his subjects with excessive taxes and not to exhaust their financial facilities. The ruler is to select suitable vicegerent for the governance of the diverse territories which are the part of his state, choosing for this aim faithful, honest and just people, he is to permanently control their job looking for that they would not become excessively independent. But the best way is to assign own relatives to these duties. We can conclude, that in his «political will» the emperor appears to be rather a feudal Lord, who does not see any difference between his empire and his own ancestral lands.
instructions, rules, government, kingdoms, lordships, states, Charles V, Habsburgs
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