Hungary and Croatia as Parts of the Habsburgs' Monarchy in the 16th — 17th Сenturies (on the Problem of the Dependency Order in Composite Monarchy)
Table of contents
Share
Metrics
Hungary and Croatia as Parts of the Habsburgs' Monarchy in the 16th — 17th Сenturies (on the Problem of the Dependency Order in Composite Monarchy)
Annotation
PII
S207987840000779-5-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Abstract
During the Turkish conquest and the disintegration of the Kingdom of Hungary in the XVIth century the latter underwent significant changes: first of all, the territory was reduced and the ruling dynasty changed. Nevertheless this relatively small state remained polyethnical and composite. Transylvania had been lost, but Croatia and Slavonia stayed within. The configuration of this political structure looked much more complicated as Hungary and its parts became part of a bigger union — so called the Danube Monarchy. The article studies the relations among the subjects within the composite monarchy by the example of Hungary, Croatia and Slavonia. The author examines the changes in the territory structure, ethnonyms of the region, its administrative system, judicial and political condition of the nobility as well as its self-organization. The author states that in the XVI—XVIIth centuries due to the Turkish conquest that had caused crucial ethnical, demographic, geographic and military changes, medieval Croatia and Slavonia experienced unification process. It was revealed in the merging of Croatian and Slavonian lands, their elites, the mutual approach of social and power institutions and turning them into general ones. The article focuses on the role of Slavonian and Croatian nobility in the Kingdom of Hungary in the new political, economic, social and cultural situation. Despite the evident Croatian takeover of Slavonia, Hungarian power institutions were preserved in the Sava and the Drava interfluves (i.e. former Slavonia). They were called comitats and were unknown in Croatia till the later Middle Ages. But they did not hinder the integration process. Croatian nobles who had escaped to those regions changed nothing in the comitat system that had been formed long ago and easily adapted to it. Being a part of political elite of the Kingdom of Hungary (so called Natio Hungarica), they could hold office in both local and central administration of the Kingdom of Hungary. The legal status of the Croatian-Slavonian Kingdom as regards to Hungary even after 1526 remained unchanged: it formed a part of the composite Kingdom of Hungary and through it was a member of the monarchy of the Austrian Habsburgs. The author comes to a conclusion that all the processes described in the article took place within borders of the Kingdom of Hungary contributing to the integration processes taking place in its outlying regions.
Keywords
composite monarchy, political elite, estates institutions, ottoman expansion, Habsburg dinasty, Holy Crown
Received
16.08.2014
Publication date
09.11.2014
Number of characters
31379
Number of purchasers
18
Views
8794
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article
100 RUB / 1.0 SU
Whole issue
1000 RUB / 10.0 SU
All issues for 2014
5000 RUB / 50.0 SU