Michel against Cossack: Russian-German Relations in the Post-cards of the First World War

 
PIIS207987840000734-6-2
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
EditionVolume 5 Issue 3 (26)
Abstract The Article is devoted to comparative Analysis of symbolic national Figures of Russia and Germany — “German Michel” and “Cossack”, how they were pictured on Post-cards in the Period of the First World War. The Role of a Post-card is studied as one of the most important means of visual Propaganda in war years. A serious retardation of Russia from Germany is pointed out both in relation of Production and Promulgation of Post-cards and Meaning of their propagandist functions. Comparison of auto- and heterosteriotypes of “Michel” and “Cossack” in German and Russian Post-cards accordingly leads to Conclusion about higher Degree of Maturity of German National Identity in Contrast with Russian. This Thesis is strengthened by a Character of Responses of Senders and Receivers of Post-Cards since the latter give unique possibility of exploring immediate contemporary Reaction on visual Propaganda during the First World War.
Keywordsthe First World War, european nationalism, propaganda, image of enemy, post-cards
Received30.07.2014
Publication date06.09.2014
Number of characters34655
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Previous versionsS207987840000734-6-1
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