Tile Kolup and the Cities: Mutual Support Seeking?
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Tile Kolup and the Cities: Mutual Support Seeking?
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The article deals with the causes of success of a person, who was the one of impostors, claimed himself to be the Emperor Frederick II of Hohenstaufen in the end of the 13th century in the Holy Roman Empire. Urbanized area of the German lands (and population of imperial cities among them) had played a large part in taking Tile Kolup for their real ruler. The author analyzes why Pseudo-Frederick paid special attention to conciliate the cities and what burghers gained from it (from the political and economic points of view). Why did they accept the impostor and were foe some time loyal to him? Playing a role of the German Emperor, Tile Kolup realized that it would be simplier to achieve recognition of imperial cities, because it was the emperor who had granted them privileges. The Emperor and the burgers of these cities also had the closest “power relations”. Pseudo-Frederick tried to earn trust of other strata of society as well. But burghers supported him more than any other group. Taxation became the cause of the conflict between Rudolf of Habsburg and the imperial cities making the impostor to meddle in it. But he faced the overwhelming power. Tile Kolup acted himself too much like “an Emperor” when tried to support the imperial cities in their resistance to Rudolf's tax claims. The story of impositor’s delivery to King Rudolf by the burghers of Wetzlar shows that there was no consensus in this imperial city in matter of Pseudo-Frederick. Different strata of the urban society had different degree of loyalty to the would-be “ruler”. And at a crucial point their loyalty/disloyalty depended more on economical reasons rather than on pro-/contra- Hohenstaufen' attitude.
impostors, the imperial cities, Frederick II of Hohenstaufen, the late 13th century Germany
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