Issue 2 (100)
Volume: 12
Publication date: 28.02.2021
1000 RUB / 10.0 SU

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Part I. Charity, Social and Humanitarian Projects in the Russian Empire from the Second Half of the 18th to the Early 20th Century (to the 300th Anniversary of Russia’s Official Proclamation as an Empire) (ed. by Anna Gromova, Anna Volodko)

Summary

In the second half of 18th — early 20th century activities in the sphere of charity, social support and humanitarian aid were successfully developing and flourishing in the Russian Empire. Charity activity became one of the ways to solve many social problems of the population. Representatives of the Romanov Imperial family built hospitals, orphanages and poorhouses on their own expense, patronized numerous establishments of mercy, supported various charity campaigns etc. Aid was provided by zemstvo, government agencies, municipal institutions, charity societies, parochial trusteeships, regional welfare boards etc. The Russian Red Cross Society actively rendered humanitarian medical assistance, protected wounded and sick soldiers and civilians both in Russia and during armed conflicts abroad, sending specialized medical missions (ambulances) to the combat zones. Articles presented in this part of the journal’s issue are dealing with various aspects of charity, social and humanitarian activities in the Russian Empire in the aforementioned period. The study of historical experience in the sphere of charity, welfare assistance and humanitarian practices in the Russian Empire, their main forms and directions might be taken into consideration and used by the present-day Russian society.


Part II. The Phenomenon of Russia Abroad as a “State Without Borders” (ed. by Elena Mironova)

Summary

The Russian émigré community, in addition to ensuring hundreds of thousands of exiles’ survival, displayed to the world a unique experience of self-organization. Scholars characterize this phenomenon as a “state without borders”, a quasi-state or a “displaced statehood”. The author analyses the process of elaborating fundamental principles for the existence of a community spread across all continents, tries to evaluate its efficiency in the regions far away from the European center, and covers the process of the jurisprudential and legal space formation. A special attention is devoted to the institutions for preserving historical memory. Book publishing, the press, establishment of libraries, printed materials circulation, as well as the organization of Russian Culture Days and programs of musical education for children played a great role in the preservation of each exile’s self-identification as a Russian; it also bounded together and supported the community as a unified whole. The study of the Russian Abroad history is extended beyond the traditional research boundaries, — the interwar period — covering the 1950s.

Issue publications 2 (100)
Author(s)
Charity, Social and Humanitarian Projects in the Russian Empire from the Second Half of the 18th to the Early 20th Century (to the 300th Anniversary of Russia’s Official Proclamation as an Empire)
The Phenomenon of Russia Abroad as a “State Without Borders”