Issue 6 (29)
Political Structures and Social Processes in Europe: Later Middle Ages and Early Modern Times
Volume: 5
Publication date: 09.11.2014
1000 rub. / 10.0 SU

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This thematic issue consists of the materials of the conferences that took place at The Institute of World History, the RAS, and were in honour of centenaries of two leading Soviet medievalists: “Scientific Conference in memory of E. V. Gutnova (1914—1992)” (Moscow, 14—15 April, 2014) and “Modernizing processes in Old Europe: structures, collisions, people (To the centenary of the birthday of A. N. Chistozvonov)” (Moscow, 9—10 June, 2014). The published materials allow us to trace the evolution of main themes that were developed in the Soviet historiography and, as it turns out, continue to be a matter of interest nowadays. As was expected, subjects that came under notice only during the last years of the Soviet medieval studies got a new impulse in the historical studies of the 21st century.

For example, section “Political structure of the monarchies of Old Europe” includes articles on the history of political culture, functioning of representative institutions, problems of citizenship, some aspects of diplomatic history. If Reformation was researched in the context of socio-political struggle during the Soviet time, now it is characteristic to express interest towards internal / inner religiosity (“Piety and Society”), although political aspects of Reformation still attract the attention of the researches (“Reforms and Politics”). Contrary to pessimistic view of the national historiography, there is still interest towards such classical themes as genesis of capitalism, economic history, history of peasantry, and history of medieval town. Traditional approaches coexist with new research methods (“Town, peasantry, and genesis of capitalism”). As anticipated, there are articles concerning the present-day assessment of the works of E. V. Gutnova and A. N. Chistozvonov (“Tigers of medieval studies”) and also those on the present state of the researchers’ archives and memoirs (“Source study of historiography”). Doubtless, the readers will be interested in the subsection “Comprehension of revolution”, where there are different points of view on the events of the later 16th century that led to the formation of the Republic of the United Provinces. These viewpoints are typical for the Russian historiography and for the school education in the Netherlands.

Сontents

Uvarov P. Yu. Soviet Medieval Studies Today: a Lost Legacy, or Continuation of the Tradition?

I. Political Structure of the Monarchies of Old Europe

1.1. Institutions and Models

Galyamichev A. N. Check Seym as an Estate Representative Body: Essay in Comparative and Hstorical Perspective

Mayorova N. O. The 15th century Parliament in the System of Public Institutions

Belcer A. A. The Dukeof Ricmond’s Council and the Anglo-Scottish Borders in the 20’s years of the XVIth Century

Rudenko O. A. Principal «Rules for Government of the Kingdoms, Lordships and States» of Charles V Habsburg in His «Political Will» of 1548

Gusarova T. P. Hungary and Croatia as Parts of the Habsburgs' Monarchy in the 16th — 17th centuries (on the Problem of the Dependency Order in Composite Monarchy)

1.2. Diplomats and Diplomacy

Domnina E. G. Papal Nuncio Leonardo Spinelli and His Mission to England in 1514

Tretyakova M. V. Information About England in 1551—1554 According to the Final Report of the Venetian Ambassador Giacomo Soranzo

Belyaev M. P. Republic of the United Provinces in Elector of Brandenburg Frederick William's Policy (1640—1648)

1.3. Citizens and Citizenships

Belcer A. A. Crown, Nobility and Gentry on the Anglo-Scottish Borders in the First Quarter of the 16th Century

Gusarova T. P. Granting the Hungarian Naturalization to the Foreigners in the Second Half of the 16th — mid. 17th Century (“indigenatio solemnis”)

II. Reforms and Reformations

2.1. Piety and Society

Logutova M. G. Devotio Moderna: the Netherlandish Phenomenon at the Junction of Times

Krelenko N. S. Revolution in a Puritan Lady’s Destiny (on Memoirs of L. Hutchinson)

Chugunova T. G. W. Tyndale and M. Luther on Justification by Faith and the Two Orders: Two Interpretations of the Key Problems of Protestantism

Devyataykina N. I. Social Protest as a Subject of German Woodcuts of the 1520's (“Master of Petrarch”)

2.2. Reform and Politics

Dyatlov V. A. Wittenberg Reformers: a Conflict of Interests in Religious and Social Transformations in Germany (1521—1525)

Ivonin Yu. E. The Diet of Spires, 1544: the Way to the Augsburg Religious Peace of 1555?

Weber D. I. Reformation and Seculasiation. The Model of Teutonic Order

III. Town, Peasantry, and Genesis of Capitalism

3.1. Terms and Reality

Bragina L. M. With Regard to the Genesis of Capitalism

Yusim M. A. Early Capitalism and Class Struggle in Florence at the End of the XIIIth and in the XIVth Century

Vinokurova M. V. On the Peculiar Features of the Expropriation of English Peasantry in the 16th — Early 17th Centuries

Aleksandrova M. A. “Public Debt” in Medieval and Early Modern Europe: Notion, Phenomenon and Its Interpretations

3.2. Development and Structure

Anisimova А. А. Town v. Manor: Specifics of Administrative Development of Monastic Towns in Medieval England

Mayzlish А. А. The Struggle for the Urban Privileges as One of the Factors of Political Development of Flanders in the XIVth Century

Chernova L. N. London’s Merchant Class of the Second Half of the 14th — 16th Centuries: Evolution of Its Social Image

Prazdnikov A. G. The Wars of the Roses and the Development of English Towns in the Second Half of the XVth Century

Evseev V. A. The Structure of Norwich Economics in the 17th Century

3.3. Law and Customs

Glebov A. G. Making of the Dependent Peasantry in England in the 9th — 11th Centuries and Its Status on the Early Stages of Feudalization

Vinokurova M. V. Rents of English Peasantry in the 16th — Beginning of the 17th Centuries

Zakharov S. A. Julius Caesar Adelmare and His Attempt to Substantiate Legitimacy of Court of Request

IV. History of Historians (to the Centenaries of E. V. Gutnova and A. N. Chistozvonov)

4.1. “Tigers” of Medieval Studies

Khachaturyan N. A. Works of E. V. Gutnova (1914—1992) in the Context of the Russian Medieval Studies’ Potential

Khut L. R. Are A. N. Chistozvonov’s Works still Relevant? (Reflections of High School Professor of Early Modern History)

4.2. Source Study of Historiography

Gutnov D. A. Archival Legacy of Professor E. V. Gutnova

Devyataykina N. I. Memoirs of Medievalists as a Source for History of Historians: “The Endured” by E. V. Gutnova

4.3. Research of Researchers

Afonushkina A. V. Historiography Problems in Russian University Science of the First Half of the 19th Century

Sokolov A. B. E. V. Gutnova about T. N. Granovskiy

Sidorova T. A. Evgeniya Vladimirovna Gutnova and the Formation of Maitlandovedenie in Russian Historiography

4.4. Comprehension of Revolution

Lohmann B. T. The Presentation of the Eighty Years’ War in the Middle and Higher Educational Systems in the Netherlands

Afonushkina A. V. Problems of Netherlands Revolution and Struggle for National Freedom in Russian Historiography of the 19th Century

Issue publications 6 (29)
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